The government of Canada signed on September 20th the Ottawa Protocol to Combat Anti-Semitism. The Harper Government deplored the dramatic increase in recorded anti-Semitic hate crimes and attacks, hate on the Internet and recognized anti-Semitism as a pernicious evil and a global threat against the Jewish people, the State of Israel and free, democratic countries everywhere. The protocol sets out a definition of anti-Semitism and reaffirms the EUMC’s – now Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) – working definition, which links anti-Semitism to the denial of the right of the Jewish people to their ancestral home land — the State of Israel. Moreover, it stresses that such hatred will not be tolerated in Canada and sets out an action plan for supporting initiatives that combat anti-Semitism, thus also providing a framework for other nations to follow.